Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour

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Hanna, Judith Lynne Quantitative evaluation of persuasive appeals using comparative meta-analysis. Osbeck, Lisa M. Nersessian Affective problem solving: emotion in research practice. Consciousness Research Consciousness research. Psychology Cognitive psychology. Emotional Cognition: An introduction Simon C.

Moore and Mike Oaksford. The role of the human amygdala in emotional modulation of long-term declarative memory Tony W. Buchanan and Ralph Adolphs. Associative representations of emotionally significant outcomes Simon Killcross and Pam Blundell. Neurons with attitude: A connectionist account of human evaluative learning Eamon P. Consciousness, computation, and emotion Jesse J.


Emotion and reasoning to consistency: The case of abductive inference Keith Oatley and Philip. Expected feelings about risky options Alan Schwartz. Motivational underpinnings of utility in decision making: Decision field theory analysis of deprivation and satiation Jerome R. Busemeyer, James T.

First, the relationship between specific genetical Dr Joni Holmes I am interested in the overlap between working memory, attention and executive function processes in children and adults. My research has focussed on the role of working memory in children's mathematical skills, and on understanding the cognitive Dr Fumiya Iida Our research interests lie at the biologically inspired robotics, i.

Professor Mark Johnson FBA Johnson has published over papers and 10 books on brain and cognitive development in human infants, children and in other species. His laboratory currently focuses on typical, at-risk and atypical functional brain development in human infants Dr Napoleon Katsos I am interested in how developmental research can inform theoretical linguistic inquiry and vice versa.

My particular focus is in the area of semantics and pragmatics, and in language learning by monolingual and bilingual children as well as child Professor Barry Keverne Professor Keverne has long standing experience in behavioural neuroscience and has, in the past 10 years, brought molecular genetic techniques to focus on brain development and investigate how genetic perturbations of the brain influence brain fun Dr Golam Khandaker Working at the interface between immunology and psychiatry, my research examines novel immunological mechanism and treatment for depression, schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders using epidemiological, genetic and treatment studies.

Dr Rogier Kievit My research focuses on using psychometric models to understand neurodevelopmental changes in executive functions. These cognitive abilities, such as reasoning, problem solving and goal management, develop rapidly during adolescence and often show Professor Zoe Kourtzi My work aims to understand the role of learning and experience in enabling humans of all ages to translate sensory experience into complex decisions and adaptive behaviours.

Adaptive cognitive abilities are critical for survival and social interac Dr Dina Kronhaus My research is focused on studying connectivity and neural re-organisation, in the human brain, using theoretical modelling techniques to complement analysis of experimental data. I aim to identify overlapping yet distinct neural circuits implicat Dr Meng-Chuan Lai As a clinician scientist, my vision is to bridge and integrate multi-level biological-cognitive-psychological-social research and clinical services.

My clinical interests are in the risk and resilience processes across the lifespan in individuals Dr Rebecca Lawson We all have expectations about how the how the world should look, feel, smell, taste and sound. These expectations act as predictions to guide us when we are uncertain, and signal when something out of the ordinary is happening. My work uses com I also maintain an active interest in the possible computational functions of neural oscillations, particularly those present in the hippo Dr Victoria Leong I am a developmental cognitive neuroscientist who is interested in the interpersonal neural dynamics of mother-infant interactions.

Right now, I am studying the phenomenon of oscillatory coupling or synchronisation between mother and infant brains Dr Darren Logan Our research interest is in understanding the molecular and genetic basis of olfaction, and how that influences behaviour. Our wider aim is to characterise the neural circuits that instruct stereotyped hard-wired behaviours, and investigate how th Dr Michael Lombardo I am interested in understanding the mechanisms occurring in early development that are behind atypical brain development in autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders.

Dr Marwa Mahmoud My research interests lie in the field of social signal processing and human behaviour understanding, which includes expressions of emotions or medical conditions. My research draws on computer vision, machine learning, Human Computer Interaction Dr Tom Manly Our research relates to understanding impairment and rehabilitation in attentional and executive function. Our work with patients Dr William Marslen-Wilson My research interests are in the cognitive science and neuroscience of language.

Unconscious Emotional Influences on Decision Making

I study the comprehension of human language in the mind and the brain using interdisciplinary neuroimaging and multivariate analysis techniques aimed at identifying Dr Liria Masuda-Nakagawa I am interested in the circuit mechanisms of odor discrimination learning in the higher brain. The mushroom bodies MBs of insect brains are centers for associative olfactory learning.

Using Drosophila larva, I have characterized the input region Dr Fiona Matthews Drawing on the data resource of the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing study, but additionally using other population based studies; my programme provides methodologically sound estimates of health and ill health for populations.

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The methodological Dr Brian McCabe The neural mechanisms of learning and memory, particularly imprinting in the domestic chick. The young of many species, when exposed to a conspicuous object, rapidly learn the object's characteristics and subsequently narrow their social preferenc I mainly utilise prospective longitudinal, case control and clinical trial study designs. My research looks at: - the natural course of post-traumatic Professor David Menon The research program of the University Division of Anaesthesia has aimed to understand regional cerebral pathophysiology to advance the care of critically ill patients after brain injury, from initial ictus, through recovery from coma and rehabili Dr Amy Milton Memory is a critical function of the brain, but little is known about the mechanisms by which memories are modified, adapted, and persist.

Memories are known to 'reconsolidate' undergoing updating and strengthening following their destabilisation Dr Eneida Mioshi My research focuses on the impact of dementias and other progressive neurodegenerative diseases on everyday functioning e. To this end, my research involves development of better assessments of Professor John Mollon My research interests are in the visual perception of colour, motion, form and depth; the genetic basis for individual variations in perception; the nature of the information carried by the cerebral bus; and the history of neuroscience and of colo Professor Brian Moore Mechanisms of normal hearing and hearing impairments; relationship of auditory abilities to speech perception; design of signal processing hearing aids for sensorineural hearing loss; fitting of hearing aids to suit the individual; electrical stim Professor Jenny Morton Our research is focused on understanding the mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration and on developing strategies to delay or prevent the death of neurones in injured or degenerating brain, particularly in Huntington's disease.

We are also interes Dr Nicholas Mundy We study the evolutionary genetics of brain size and sensory systems in primates. In particular, we are interested in the evolution and selection of colour vision polymorphisms in New World monkeys and lemurs, the evolution of vomeronasal recept I utilize a variety of cognitive neuroscien Pradeep Nathan I am a clinical pharmacologist with research interests in the neuropharmacology and neural substrates of cognition and emotion and psychiatric and neurological endophenotypes.

I use cognitive, functional and molecular neuroimaging techniques i. Dr Roy Patterson We have developed a computational model of the auditory signal processing that transforms a sound wave into the auditory image you hear in response to that sound wave.

We investigate how the cochlea and neural centres in the auditory pathway proce Professor Jesus Perez My research activity is mainly focused on early detection and intervention in psychosis. I am particularly interested in the epidemiology and psychopathology of people at high-risk of developing psychosis, with psychotic experiences and with first Dr Kate Plaisted-Grant My research interest in autism was sparked by the fascinating cognitive strengths shown by many individuals with autism.

Affect, Behavior, and Cognition

These include exceptional abilities to process fine details, better discrimination abilities compared to typical individuals a Dr Jasper Poort I want to understand how we selectively process behaviourally relevant visual input. How does the brain turn a constant overflow of sensory information into selective representations of our environment that can optimally guide our actions? Dr Brechtje Post My research primarily focuses on speech prosody - intonation, accentuation, rhythm, and phrasing.

Prosody simultaneously encodes information from different components of the linguistic system in the speech signal, in particular morpho-syntax, prag Dr Howard Ring My research covers three main areas. My work in epilepsy is largely concerned with studying the management and behavioural correlates of treatment-resistant epilepsy in people with developmental or acquired brain damage. In the field of Autism res To do this I develop computer models of disease processes using i Professor Trevor Robbins Research interests span the areas of cognitive neuroscience, behavioural neuroscience and psychopharmacology.

Main work focuses on the functions of the frontal lobes of the brain and their connections with other regions. These brain systems are re In particular, my research focuses on the executive control functions of the prefrontal cortex and related brain structures, including the basal ganglia and the am Professor Peter Robinson I am a computer scientist with an interest in neuroscience. My research concerns problems at the boundary between people and computers. This involves investigating new technologies to enhance communication between computers and their users, and Our aim is to push the boundar Professor James B.

Rowe Dementia and Neurodegeneration have devastating consequences. My work aims to protect brain function in those at risk of dementia, and restore brain function in those with symptoms. My program has four pillars: 1. He works on a variety of projects, typically related to Professor John Rust The development, evaluation and implementation of psychometric tests and psychometric testing procedures. As Director of The Psychometrics Centre I have been responsible for the UK standardisation of many of the most widely used psychometric tests Professor Barbara Sahakian FMedSci DSc My research is aimed at understanding the neural basis of cognitive, emotional and behavioural dysfunction in order to develop more effective pharmacological and psychological treatments.

The focus of my lab is on early detection, differential dia Dr Lisa Saksida We are working toward a better understanding of the psychological processes underlying memory and perception through a programme of theoretically-driven experimental research using both healthy subjects and brain-damaged populations. Much of the work into how users and customers behave focuses on the emotional responses elicited by a product. However, emotions are the product of complex processing systems, which essentially convert sensory information into the psychophysiological and behavioral changes that we refer to as emotional responses.

According to Don Norman , cognition and affect are in charge of these emotional responses. Cognition and affect are information-processing systems, which help us convert information from our environment into accurate representations of the world and make value judgments that determine how we respond and behave.

Norman distinguishes the cognitive and affective systems, and defines emotion , thusly: " The cognitive system interprets and makes sense of the world. Affect is the general term for the judgemental system, whether conscious or subconscious. Emotion is the conscious experience of affect, complete with attribution of its cause and identification of its object ". The affective and cognitive systems are thought to work independently, but they influence one another, with the former operating unconsciously while the latter operates at the conscious level.

For example, imagine you are about to make a speech in front of a room full of people; the affective system is immediately called into action, with chemicals released in your body in response to the situation automatically and without your ability to control this physiological response.

Emotional Cognition

However, you may then try to rationalize the situation and focus on your lines, what you want to say, the points you want to get across and the techniques you might have covered beforehand. All of these mental operations are under the control of the cognitive system, which, on this occasion, is working in opposition to the affective system to help us perform to the best of our ability. Copyright terms and licence: CC BY 2. For this public speaker, the affective and cognitive systems seem to be in sync. For other public speakers, the rational system must work in opposition to the affective system.

While the example above gives the impression that the affective system is our enemy — making us feel nervous and stressed, threatening our performance levels as result — it performs an essential function: helping us distinguish 'good' from 'bad'. The affective system is responsible for the 'fight-or-flight' response, which refers to the human instinct to either combat a particular situation or flee instead, as a means of self-preservation.

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  8. When sensory information signals a significant threat, brain regions responsible for physical activation are stimulated, resulting in the release of various chemicals and hormones. These physiological changes are a double-edged sword; they ensure we are prepared to fight or flee, but they also give rise to negative emotions which affect how well we can perform under pressure.

    Even in the speech example, the affective system is trying to help us out, telling us to avoid this potentially humiliating or embarrassing experience by flooding our body with adrenaline and cortisol, but unfortunately this also elicits negative emotions such as fear and anxiety. According to Norman , negative emotions are examples of affective states: " The classification of an affect as positive or negative is dependent upon the state of psychophysiological arousal we experience.

    Negative affect refers to any situation or thing which brings about some unpleasant emotional state, such as sadness or tension. In contrast, positive affect refers to any stimulus which elicits a pleasant or advantageous emotional state, such as happiness, awe and optimism. Negative affect has the potential to make simple tasks more difficult or complicated, while positive affect can help reduce the difficulty of complex tasks.

    For example, if you are trying to write down a telephone number from an answer phone message, but it is being read quickly, you might feel uptight and frustrated, which then affects how fast you can write. In contrast, if you are calm and happy or there is something to make you feel at ease, writing the number down would probably seem less difficult. Negative and positive affect have different implications for cognition; negative affect limits thinking, but focuses our attention, while positive affect allows us to think more broadly, which enables creativity and supports problem-solving.

    Therefore, when you want people to concentrate intently, but there is no call for creative thinking, you might induce some negative affect by using warnings or alerts, for example, or using different types of audio. However, if you want your users to tackle complex problems, develop new strategies or simply think creatively, you might use design features which induce positive affect.

    Brain and Behaviour Laboratory - Brain and Behaviour Laboratory - UNIGE

    Some computer games use this knowledge to good effect for designing the user experience, by setting the background music to something dramatic and ominous when the player enters an area where enemies are present thus, creating anxiety and helping the player to focus on the bad guys , and by using calming and gentle music when the player enters an area where they need to solve a puzzle thus, supporting their creative thinking.

    Copyright terms and licence: CC0. Negative affect focuses our attention e. As the cognitive and affective systems are in charge of our emotional responses, we must consider how we can influence these systems in a positive way to increase the likelihood customers will not only enjoy our products but, first of all, consider buying them.

    Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour
    Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour
    Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour
    Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour
    Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour

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