About this product Product Information Written by emergency medicine doctors who passed the exam, First Aid for the Emergency Medicine Boards provides proven study tactics for boosting your test score. Ideal for both initial and last-minute review, it's a concise yet comprehensive resource for time-strapped residents and practitioners. This complete review of all topics covered on the exam uses sample questions based on recently administered in-service and board exams to help you prepare thoroughly and efficiently.
Subjects include major trauma, dermatologic emergencies, pediatrics, infectious emergencies, ethics, and many more. First Aid for the Emergency Medicine Boards includes nearly clinical images and algorithms you'll need to be familiar with, along with important advice on scheduling study time, registering for the exam, and what to expect on the big day. In addition, you'll find mnemonics and visual aids to both reinforce the facts when studying and use as tools when you're taking the exam.
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Cardiovascular Emergencies 3. Major Trauma 4. Orthopedics 5. Pediatrics 6. Toxicology 7. Endocrine, Metabolic, and Fluid and Electrolyte Emergencies 8. Infectious, Allergic, Hematologic, and Oncologic Emergencies 9. Thoracic and Respiratory Emergencies Abdominal and Gastrointestinal Emergencies Obstetric and Gynecologic Emergencies Learn how the different snaps and buckles work beforehand to avoid delaying the attending during procedures. A basic list of equipment to carry with you includes: 1.
One or two black pens 2.
USMLE Review (General)
Small notepad to track patients and record important teaching points 3. This rotation will be unlike any other you have taken thus far. The attendings and residents at most institutions are aware that there is very little teaching and exposure to radiology throughout medical school. What they are looking for is a keen, interested, and intelligent student. A good grasp of anatomy is helpful, as this understanding of anatomy is fundamental to identifying the radiologic presentation of disease. Being early will enable you to know what studies need to be read on the day, what the patient list looks like, and also which interventional procedures are going to be carried out.
Work with the technicians to further your knowledge. For example, ultrasound techs are specially trained to perform the US examination, and an introduction to this invaluable technique may be gained by interacting with them. Hand in hand with showing interest is the important feature of being affable. Often you will sit and read with one attending all day. Being nice and polite goes a long way in making the day shorter.
Asking questions on unclear topics is often necessary for effective learning. Ask questions when they are not too busy; otherwise, write down your questions and ask them at a later time. Women should also wear professional attire in the form of a suit or business skirt and blouse. It is generally better to be overdressed than underdressed as it is much easier to change into scrubs if they are needed than vice versa.
First Aid for the Emergency Medicine Oral Boards
Oftentimes, you will have time dedicated in the schedule for reading. Ask the rotation coordinator, secretaries, or librarians if you can check out books, or if you have to keep them in the library. You are, in a sense, auditioning for a position in the match. Outside of that, it is always a good idea to do a rotation in the hospital where you would most like to do your residency.
Fall is the best season for this, as it is the beginning of interview season. Interviewing after your rotation usually is more of a formality since most of the attendings have already worked with you and know you see the advantage? The biologic effects due to excess x-ray irradiation are a result of the interaction of high energy x-rays with atoms in DNA and other molecules in the body. These high energy x-rays have enough kinetic energy to ionize electrons that can directly damage the DNA or produce free radicals that can also be deleterious to genetic material, and may result in cell death or mutation.
Most diagnostic radiologic exams expose patients to relatively low levels of ionizing radiation and are relatively safe. Radiology workers, however, are exposed to the cumulative dose of all examinations they perform and are therefore at a much higher risk. Also, be aware that many interventional procedures are carried out utilizing ionizing radiation i. Ultrasound and MRI exams do not produce ionizing radiation. Higher dose examinations include computed tomography CT scans and scans involving the use of contrast dyes such as barium or iodine.
Pregnancy is also an important consideration in deciding whether to proceed with certain radiologic studies. While most modern radiologic studies do not pose a serious risk to a developing fetus, there is a very small risk of causing serious illness or other complications. This risk varies widely with the type of examination being performed—for example, ultrasound exams have not been demonstrated to increase risk in pregnancy.
The dose of radiation a patient is exposed to varies from patient to patient. This dose will depend on the size of the body part examined, the type of procedure, and the type of CT or other equipment and its operation. Using the concept of effective dose allows comparison of the risk estimates associated with partial or whole-body radiation exposures. This quantity also incorporates the different radiation sensitivities of the various organs in the body.
It is excellent at identifying blood. Advantages If patient is stable, there are relatively no contraindications for ordering this test.
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It is a fast exam that can be completed in seconds. Contrast will help identify tumor, abscess, arteriovenous AV malformation, and aneurysm. Advantages If a lesion enhances with contrast, then the blood-brain barrier is compromised. This can be seen in tumors, abscesses, and arteriovenous malformation. There is an acute subdural hematoma along the left hemisphere, causing effacement of the cisterns, and left-to-right midline shift.
There is associated soft tissue swelling. No evidence of an underlying fracture. Normal CT anatomy. Depressed: Fracture fragments are depressed inward Fig. Look for soft tissue swelling on the brain window setting to help identify an underlying fracture. Axial CT bone windows show a nondisplaced communicated linear fracture of the left occipital bone extending into the lateral aspect of the foramen magnum.
Axial CT bone scan demonstrating a depressed skull fracture arrow. Crescentic in shape Often extends into the interhemispheric suture and along tentorium Can cross suture lines, not midline Look for effacement of sulci.
Subdural hematoma. In children it could be due to tearing of venous sinuses. Acute epidural hematoma. Findings are all consistent with an acute epidural hematoma. Hallmark is symmetric, low-attenuation changes in the globus pallidus. Carbon monoxide CO poisoning. Note symmetric and low-attenuation changes within the caudate white arrows and putamen black arrows , bilaterally due to anoxic event from CO poisoning.outer-edge-design.com/components/via/2275-what-is.php
First aid Provider Course (Sep 28, 12222)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage SAH. Focal punctate areas of high density white arrows in the bilateral inferior frontal lobes and left temporal lobe with surrounding low-attenuation changes. Findings are consistent with multiple contusions with surrounding edema. Typically seen after a high-speed motor vehicle accident. Multiple 4-mm to 5-mm hyperdense punctate lesions surrounded by edema low attenuation in the locations noted above.
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